By definition, evaporation is a process where water changes into vapour. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. What is Sublimation – Definition, Mechanism, Examples 2. This will cause the actual boiling point to be increased, and the vapor to be condensed. Another method of condensation is keeping the temperature constant and increasing the pressure of the system. Evaporation is a process whereby molecules in a liquid become a vapor at temperatures below the liquid’s boiling point. A proper understanding in saturated vapor is required, to have a clear understanding of condensation. Evaporation and condensation both refer to a phase change between vapor and liquid phases. Required fields are marked *, Difference Between Evaporation And Condensation. Condensation happens mainly at higher altitudes. A liquid in any temperature is evaporated. To know more about important differences between other chemistry topics you can keep visiting BYJU’S or download our app for interesting content and learning experience. It is vital to have a good understanding in these phenomena in order to have a good understanding in their applications. During condensation, materials in the vapor phase undergo a phase change to become liquid. Condensation is the opposite process where water vapour is converted to tiny droplets of water. The primary difference between evaporation and condensation is that evaporation is a cooling process. Filed Under: Physics Tagged With: Boiling, condensation, condensation vs, evaporation, evaporation vs, saturated vapor, vaporization. Evaporation can occur all the time, in all surfaces and at all places, whereas condensation only takes place at carbon particles, hygroscopic nuclei-pollen grains and on salts, etc. In evaporation, matter changes from a liquid to a gas. 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All matter is made of tiny moving particles called molecules. Condensation and evaporation are two very important phenomena we encounter in our daily life. When a gas is cooled or when the pressure is increased the forces of attraction between molecules become strong. Evaporation is frequent when the air is dry, hot and windy. This happens because molecules in a liquid have a large range of kinetic energies, and some of the molecules will have enough kinetic energy to overcome attractive forces which keep them bound in the liquid form. Your email address will not be published. Home » Science » Physics » Difference Between Evaporation and Condensation. Vaporization is the process by which a liquid is turned into a gas. This reduces the amount of water vapor that can exist in air, so the water molecules join together to form liquid droplets. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. This is known as condensation. Thus, molecules at surface level move or vibrate with a strong force that they move out into the air and become vapour. The molecules are free to move independently though. Evaporation refers to the surface of a body of liquid turning into gas, such as a drop of water on the concrete turning into … These are some differences between evaporation and condensation. Difference Between Acceleration and Deceleration, Difference Between Sonogram and Ultrasound, What is the Difference Between Thanksgiving and Black Friday, What is the Difference Between Virgin and Extra Virgin Coconut Oil, What is the Difference Between Prosecco Champagne and Sparkling Wine, What is the Difference Between Arrogance and Confidence, What is the Difference Between Grapeseed Oil and Olive Oil, What is the Difference Between Beeswax and Soy Wax. Condensation can be also seen around bottles carrying cold drinks, because due to the lower temperature around the bottle, the amount of water vapor that can be in the air before reaching saturation is smaller. However, there are some key differences between evaporation and condensation. When the energy of such a surface liquid molecule is increased due to any internal or external factor, the molecule will be able to break the intermolecular bonds acting on it, thus creating a gas molecule. Introduction. However, apart from this force, the water molecules also have some kind of thermal energy created by extremely fast vibrations. As we discussed earlier, some of the “escaped” vapor molecules near the surface of a liquid can condense and become liquid again. If this phase change occurs at the boiling point, the process is referred to as boiling. The liquid then evaporates to a gas. In essence, evaporation and condensation usually refers to a state of matter or a phase change between vapour and liquids. Matter can exist in three different states: solid, liquid, or gas. What is the difference between Evaporation and Condensation? Condensation is a phase change regardless of the temperature. The change of a liquid into vapors at any temperature below its boiling point is called evaporation. Condensation happens when the temperature of the air is lowered. Condensation happens … Dew formation around a cool drink is such a phenomenon. In the process of condensation energy is released. While, on the other hand, condensation is a warming process. If the liquid is in a closed space, then some of the escaped molecules can come back to contact with the liquid surface and rejoin the molecules in the liquid. What is Evaporation The temperature of this gas must be higher than the boiling point of the liquid in the system’s pressure. In terms of molecular movement, when a liquid is heated or when pressure is decreased the forces of attraction between molecules is low. The main difference between evaporation and condensation is that evaporation involves a phase change from liquid phase to vapor phase at temperatures below the boiling temperature of the liquid, whereas condensation involves a phase change from vapor to liquid phase. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. On rainy days, the air may become saturated with water vapor and cause water to condense on the insides of windows, as well. Evaporation vs Condensation … So the water molecules come together to form microscopic droplets. The two types of vaporization are evaporation and boiling. This vapor is now a gas. • In condensation, the gas molecules release energy to the environment and become liquid molecules. In this process the state of matter changes from liquid to vapor (gas). This happens when air reaches the maximum saturation level for a gas. Evaporation involves a phase change from liquid to vapor. This process can occur is any temperature. In evaporation, the liquid molecules absorb energy from the surrounding to become gas molecules. Conclusion The above discussion concludes that evaporation is the process of changing liquid state into a gaseous state, whereas condensation is the process of changing gaseous state into a liquid state.

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